White spots on face is not an uncommon condition and is in fact experienced by many people. Its causes may vary from Leucoderma or Vitiligo, Pityriasis Alba, or from a fungal infection called Tinea Versicolor.
Leucoderma or vitiligo is a disorder that is caused by the absence of melanin pigmentation in the skin. Although the causes is not yet been proven, some of the commonly known causes are emotional stress, hereditary factors, worms, sunburns, and physical illnesses. The skin disorder is also associated with certain diseases such as hyperthyroidism, diabetes mellitus, pernicious anemia, and Addison’s disease.
Because the area of Leucoderma or vitiligo are no longer have protected pigment, it is best to put on certain creams to cover up the area. Total Block combines an SPF with antioxidants and cover-up protective liquid makeup to ensure that the white patches are covered. Unprotected patches can lead to a more severe skin condition such as skin cancer.
Tinea versicolor on the other hand, is another type of skin disorder commonly caused by a certain fungus known as fungus pityrosporum ovale (a type of yeast occurring in the skin). This fungus intervenes with the regular pigmentation of the skin that results in small, white patches. Tinea versicolor occurs commonly in adolescents and young adults, the condition recurs easily but it is not contagious and does not cause severe health problems. During the hot months, people are more susceptible to fungus that could lead to some skin disorders. To prevent this from recurring avoid wearing tight fitting garments, taking steroids, and excessive sweating as they may stimulate tinea versicolor.
A basic home remedy for tinea versicolor is through the use of apple cider vinegar. Simply wash your face with moisturizing soap and swab the skin with a solution of apple cider vinegar mixed with water. Most bacteria and fungus can’t survive in the acidic environment that the vinegar creates.
Another common white-patch skin disorder is called Pityriasis Alba (a Latin term for white, scaly patches). The patches are typically described as dry with very fine scales and usually occurs in the face, neck, upper trunk, and upper arms. This condition is benign and are most common to children with dry skin. These patches may fade away in time, it could last from months to years. But some simple treatments like a daily use of moisturizer (petroleum jelly or ointments and unscented creams) or some mild topical steroid (hydrocortisone) may help. It is also important to use non skin cleansers and mild, moisturizing soaps daily. You can also use sunscreen creams to minimize the appearance of white patches by restraining the surrounding skin from darkening.
You can also opt for natural home remedies like making a thick paste of black grams and applying it to the affected areas. Let it dry for 15 minutes and then rinse thoroughly with cool water.
It is important to discuss with your doctor before using steroid creams like hyrocortisone, because a prolonged exposure to these steroids may involve risks.